ОБСТАВИННІ ДЕТЕРМІНАНТИ ЯК ЗАСОБИ УСКЛАДНЕННЯ СЕМАНТИКО-СИНТАКСИЧНОЇ СТРУКТУРИ РЕЧЕННЯ

  • Тетяна Шевченко

Abstract

Investigating the syntactical sentence structure in the Ukrainian literary language at the end of the 20th – the beginning of the 21st century we drew our attention to specific communicative -semantic components which are not subordinate to a certain part of the sentence but belong to the entire sentence participating in the formation of its content. In linguistics, such semantic spreaders of sentences are considered to be determinant units.The purpose of our research is to analyze the structural and functional peculiarities of adverbial modifier determinants as semantic sentence spreaders. Material for analysis is the Ukrainian literary language at the end of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st century. The tasks of the scientific research are to describe the most productive types of adverbial modifier determinants used in the contemporary Ukrainian literary language, to consider the semantic and morphological features of determinant elements and to describe the functional peculiarities. The adverbial modifier determination of a different degree of expression is characteristic for sentences of different grammatical structures. Among the adverbial modifier determinants semantic groups with spatial and temporal values are dominated, they informally supplement, specify the predicate and make additional shades in the structure of the working situation. The determinants of the mode of action are productively used in the works of art, in which the semantics of comparison appears. In the analyzed material, determinants with the meaning of the cause and the target occur, but they are less productive, although they may partially offset the absence of the generator of the predicative situation, taking over its semantics – origin, process sources, etc. Spreaders with relevance / irrelevance are presented in a few examples. Consequently, after analyzing the determinants of different semantics in the artistic works of the end of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st century we were convinced that such units are capable, without complicating the structural and grammatical level of the sentence structure, to significantly supplement the procedural semantics of the predicate, localized in time and space, to express or neutralize signs of dynamism, time localization, phase, inactive subject.

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How to Cite
Шевченко, Т. (1). ОБСТАВИННІ ДЕТЕРМІНАНТИ ЯК ЗАСОБИ УСКЛАДНЕННЯ СЕМАНТИКО-СИНТАКСИЧНОЇ СТРУКТУРИ РЕЧЕННЯ. Journal “Ukrainian sense”, (1). Retrieved from https://ukrsense.dp.ua/index.php/USENSE/article/view/218
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