LANGUAGE STYLISH BASES OF CATEGORIES IMPLICITNITY AND IDIOSTYL F. M. DOSTOVSKOGO
Keywords: style, idiostyle, idiolect, text, implicitness, explicitness, subtext
AbstractBackground. The description of the concepts “text”, “style”, “idiolect”, “idiostyle” indicates how much their content does not coincide. In the process of perceiving and understanding the text, the presuppositions and implications, which are components of the implicit information of the entire text, must be restored by the recipient in whole or in part, otherwise the understanding of the text will be incomplete, partial or not achieved at all. Therefore, the mechanism for reconstructing implicitness is one of the most important and universal laws of understanding a work.The purpose of the article is to define the concept of “idiostyle” and consider various approaches to this concept due to the peculiarities of the creative manner of writing of F. M. Dostoevsky, in particular the category of implicitness.Methods. In this work, we resort to such methods as descriptive and linguo-stylistic analysis, because the question of idiostyle in the last decade has acquired a complex character, in accordance with which the analysis of F. M. Dostoevsky’s idiostyle requires a multilevel approach. The research methods are determined by the concept of studying the integrity of the artistic image of a work of art, determined by the intersection of semantics and stylistics.Results. The article gives a general representation of the main features and mechanisms of text formation, exposing the characterological features of F. M. Dostoevsky’s idiostyle, in particular the place and role of the category of implicitness. We perceive discourse as the nature of the presentation of the writer’s works and his distinctive linguistic features. We recognize idio discourse as the communicative and artistic space of the author and the reader, which, in the aggregate and interaction of all its aspects, forms an integral communicative environment into which everyone who participates in the process of communicative activity immerses. The principles of the discourse – text – idiodiscourse – idiostyle correlation are described, idiostyle is defined as an object of linguistics research, the idiostyle and linguistic picture of the world of F. M. Dostoevsky are analyzed, the category of implicitness in the writer's idiodiscourse is considered, the concepts of implicitness, subtext, implication and presupposition are distinguished.Discussion. The appeal to the implicative potential of the detail made it possible to trace the mechanisms of its generation and actualization associated with the process of interpretation, which affects the perception of information by the addressee. Perception factors are associated with the socio-cultural environment, education, character of a person, his worldview and personal experience and form different models of perception, interpretation and reaction. Implicitness in F. M. Dostoevsky’s idiodiscourse is a complex, multifaceted and universal linguistic phenomenon that is responsible for creating depth of subtext and new information, not expressed verbally, but at the same time conjectured (remembered), understood by the reader using various linguistic means, background knowledge, and processes of thinking and is of great importance for understanding the meaning and meaning of the text. Thus, the peculiarities of the interaction of implicitness with the explorer and its manifestation in the writer’s idiodiscourse make it possible to draw a conclusion about a peculiar feature of Dostoevsky’s idiodiscourse.
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How to Cite
Shepel, Y. (2020). LANGUAGE STYLISH BASES OF CATEGORIES IMPLICITNITY AND IDIOSTYL F. M. DOSTOVSKOGO. Journal “Ukrainian sense”, (1). https://doi.org/10.15421/462012