FEATURES OF VERBAL QUASIUNIVERBATION IN THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE

Keywords: nominatheme, univerbation, quasiuniverbation, univerb, quasiuniverb

Abstract

Abstract Background. A problem of linguistic and speech nomination is still rather topical being not completely solved in terms of the theory of modern linguistic. That is confirmed by numerous opinions of linguists concerning the one-word nominations that can replace a word combination. Theoretical linguistics contains numerous definitions for univerbation and univerbs. The firsе term nominates a process while the second one nominates the results of that process. Practically all the scientists-predecessors consider them as the ones belonging to the domain of word formation. Purpose is to analyze the features of verbal quasiuniverbs as one of the speech implementations of nominathemes with a dominant word composition. The purpose means implementation of the following tasks: 1) to study motivational relations established between a word combination and its verbal modification; 2) to describe the criteria for determining a process of quasiuniverbation and quasiuniverbs as its products. Methods. The study involves a set of methods being in compliance with the topic: a method of continuous sampling to accumulate the factual material; a methodology of distributive analysis to differentiate the notions; a descriptive method to describe and generalize the status of the units under consideration. Results. The most comprehensive analysis of verbal univerbs requires examining different types of such formations. Thus, the techniques for differentiation of quasiuniverbs and lexicalized univerbs are of great importance. Etymologization is one of those techniques. It helps specify the word combinations that are the univerb-formation sources, which further demonstrate their development into lexicalization with all its outcomes, i.e.: de-etymologization, loss of a corresponding word combination, formation of a quasiuniverb. Thus, the main function of etymologization is represented by the determination of a real semantic identity of a verbal univerb and a corresponding verbal word combination. A methodology of etymologization makes it possible to find out that each verbal quasiuniverb is motivated by the form and content of a simple word. We determine motivational relations between a forming word (noun, adjective etc.) and a derivative word as the relations of external motivation. As a result of a quasiuniverbation process, a pseudogenerating word combination or quasi word combination appears. In its essence, it is a quasidoublet (primary derivate or underived verb). Functioning of a quasi word combination simultaneously with its corresponding synthetic unit is the key criterion for determining a quasiuniverb. Discussion. Univerbs as the product of a univerbation process have been considered as the equivalent to a word combination, i.e. as the word arisen as a result of speech modification of a word combination; its lexical and grammatical meaning as well as syntactical function is identical to the ones of the corresponding word combination. This verbal modification has appeared as a result of elliptic univerbation. We determine each abstract nominative linguistic unit implemented in speech in the form of a word combination and a word as a nominatheme like «word combination + elliptic univerb» being a part of structural varieties of the nominathemes with a dominant word combination. In the context of formation and functioning of verbal univerbs, a phenomenon of verbal quasiuniverbation is being observed. It has been identified that grammatical categories of aspect and transitivity of verbal univerbs are the parameters to differentiate the process of verbal univerbation and quasiuniverbation. Each separate quasiuniverb and each corresponding quasi word combination built on its basis act as quasidoublets, implementation of the special-pattern nominathemes.

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References

REFERENCES
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Published
2022-02-22
How to Cite
Ivko, O. (2022). FEATURES OF VERBAL QUASIUNIVERBATION IN THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE. Journal “Ukrainian sense”, 1(2), 66-72. https://doi.org/10.15421/462119