Keywords: the manipulation strategy, the strategy of the communicative aggression, the confrontational tactics, the confrontational dialogue, the communicative situation


Abstract Background. The study of communicative strategies involves their classification. We acknowledge that today there is no universally accepted typology of strategies, which is motivated by the dynamics and flexibility of strategies, as well as by their dependence on the discursive context and the communicative actions of the speakers. The most recognizable is the classification of strategies according to the method of interaction into non-conflict and confrontational ones. The confrontational dramatic dialogue represents the communication between the characters, which are negatively attuned to each other, which causes negative communicative reactions in the conversation. In such dialogues, communicative strategies demonstrate the mood of the speaker against the listener and are focused on the active pursuit of the own purposes without taking into account the interests of the partner. Purpose. This scientific article aims to analyze the conflict strategies of manipulation and communicative aggression of the characters of modern Ukrainian plays, and also the determination of the specific tactics, which are used in the strategies of manipulation and communicative aggression based on the dramatic Neda Nezhdana’s compositions. Methods.  The following linguistic methods are used in this scientific article: descriptive method, which helped to identify linguistic features of conflict communication in dramatic texts; contextual-interpretation method, which helped to identify communicative strategies as well as imaginative deviations of the communicative code in the character interaction; the method of quantitative calculations – to test the productivity of these or those strategies of communicative actors’ parts. Results. The organizational structure of confrontational communication is characterized by unbalanced communicative intents of the communicants, the presence of negative communicants’ tone of the speech, verbalization of negative intents concerning the subject of the communication or personal features of the communicative partner, the absence of an effective result of the communication. The strategy of manipulation is realized in the tactics of shame, threatening, rejection, irritation, pressure, demands, which are aimed at capturing the communicative space to impose their interests on the partners. The manipulative strategy often combines tactics of obedience and persuasion. The strategy of communicative aggression involves the use of tactics of imagery, irony, criticism, abuse, provocation to realize a negative assessment of the addressee and to lower the level of his or her self-esteem. Among the nuclear tactics, we can identify shame, disgrace, threat, and abuse. The implementation of strategies of manipulation and verbal aggression violates the principle of consideration, which is the basis of the code of communicative behavior. More often confrontational tactics violate the maxim of sympathy, embracing, consideration, modesty, which leads to the destruction of positive and negative appearance of the communicant. The strategy of verbal aggression threatens the positive image; the strategy of manipulation negatively influences the negative image. Discussion. In the analyzed Neda Nezhdanova’s articles the strategies of manipulation and communicative aggression, expressed by various tactics, are aimed at violating the code of communicative behavior, which, in its turn, causes confrontations and hinders the successful communication. The prospect of further investigations is seen in the comparative analysis of the confrontational strategies used by men and women in dramatic dialogues of the modern Ukrainian plays.


Download data is not yet available.


Bigari, А. А. (2006). The Discourse of a Modern English Family [Dyskurs suchasnoi anhlomovnoi simi]. Extended abstract of Candidate’s thesis. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Bubnova, G. I. (1987). Tekstovye kategorii ustnogo spontannogo dialoga. [The Textual categories of oral spontaneous dialogue]. Voprosy sistemnoj organizacii rechi – Issues of the systemic organization of speech, 1, 47–68 [in Russian].
Derpak, O. V. (2005). The confrontational and conversational genres: comunicative-pragmatic and linguistic aspects [Konfrontatyvni movlennievi zhanry: komunikatyvno-prahmatychnyi ta movnyi aspekty]. Extended abstract of Candidate’s thesis. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Goffman, E. (1972). On Face Work. Interaction Ritual: Essays on Face-to-Face Behaviour. London: Anchor Books [in English].
Essers, О. S. (2002). Kommunikativnye strategii i taktiki russkoj rechi [The Communicative Strategies and Tactics of Russian Speech]. Moscow: Editorial URSS [in Russian].
Frolova, E. E. (2009). Dyskursyvna stratehiia yak orhanizuiuchyi konstytuent verbalno-sotsialnoi interaktsii [The Discursive strategy as an organizing constituent of verbal and social interaction]. Linhvistyka XXI stolittia: novi doslidzhennia i perspektyvy – XXI Century Linguistics: New Research and Perspectives, 3, 242–249 [in Ukrainian].
Komalova, L. (2010). Lingvistichesky aspect conflictologicheskoi kompetentsii [The linguistic aspect of the confrontative competence]. Candidate’s thesis. Moscow [in Russian].
Koroliova, V. (2016). The communicative and pragmatic organization of the modern Ukrainian drama [Communicative and pragmatic organization of modern Ukrainian drama]. Dnipro: Lira [in Ukrainian].
Korotych, K. V. (2011). Osoblyvosti harmonizuvalnoi komunikatyvnoi povedinky v konfliktnykh sytuatsiiakh rodynnoho spilkuvannia (za avtobiohrafichnoiu povistiu M. Stelmakha «Shchedryi vechir»). [The Peculiarities of Harmonizing Communicative Behavior in Conflict Situations of Family Communication (from an autobiographical novel by M. Stelmakh «Generous Evening»)]. Visnyk Kharkivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu im. V. N. Karazina. Seriia «Filolohiia» – Journal of the Kharkiv National University named after V. N. Karazin. Philology Series, 62, 67–70 [in Ukrainian].
Krynytska, О. E. (2009). Realizatsiia komunikatyvnykh stratehii u khudozhnomu teksti (na materiali ukrainskoi modernoi dramy kintsia XIX – pochatku XX stolittia) [The Realization of communicative strategies in the artistic text (on the material of Ukrainian modern drama of the late XIX – early XX century)]. Extended abstract of Candidate’s thesis. Ivano-Frankivsk [in Ukrainian].
Leech, G. N. (1983). Principles of Pragmatics. London, NY: Longman [in English].
Marsen, S. (2006). Communication Studies. NY: Palgrave MacMillan [in English].
Pevneva, E. V. (2008). Kommunikativnye strategii i taktiki v konfliktnyh situacijah obshhenija obihodno-bytovogo i professional’nogo pedagogicheskogo diskursov russkoj i amerikanskoj lingvokul’tur [The Communicative strategies and tactics in conflict situations of everyday and professional pedagogical discourses of Russian and American linguocultures]. Extended abstract of Candidate’s thesis. Kemerovo [in Russian].
Popova, I. S. (2009). The fundamental categories of the meta-speech of Ukrainian syntax (unit, connection, model) [Fundamental categories of metalanguage of Ukrainian syntax (unit, connection, model)]. Dnepropetrovsk: Vyd-vo DNU [in Ukrainian].
Ruda, О. G. (2012). Movne pytannia yak obiekt manipuliatyvnykh stratehii u suchasnomu ukrainskomu politychnomu dyskursi [The Language as an object of manipulative strategies in modern Ukrainian political discourse]. Kyiv: Institute of Ukrainian Language of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].
Semenuik, А. А. (2007). Henderni ta vikovi osoblyvosti kooperatyvnoi movlennievoi povedinky v simeinomu dyskursi (na materiali suchasnoi anhliiskoi movy) [The Gender and age peculiarities of cooperative and cooperative behavior in family discourse (in current English)]. Extended abstract of Candidate’s thesis. Doneck [in Ukrainian].
Shtern, I. B. (1998). Vybrani topiky ta leksykon suchasnoi linhvistyky : entsyklopedychnyi slovnyk dlia fakhivtsiv z teoretetychnykh humanitarnykh dystsyplin ta humanitarnoi informatyky [The Selected Topics and Lexicon of Modern Linguistics: Encyclopedic Dictionary for Humanitarian Theoretic Disciplines and Humanitarian Informatics]. Kyiv: ArtEk [in Ukrainian].
Trumko, О. (2013). Spilkuvannia syn-batko: komunikatyvni taktyky v simiakh predstavnykiv polskoi shliakhty (na materiali tvoriv Ivana Franka). [The Communication son-father: Communicative Tactics in the Families of the Polish gentry (based on Ivan Franko’s writings)]. Ukrainoznavstvo – Ukrainian Studies, 2, 103–106 [in Ukrainian].
Vereshagin, Е. M., & Kostomarov, V. G (1999). V poiskah novyh putej razvitija lingvostranovedenija: koncepcija rechepovedencheskih taktik [In Search of New Ways to Develop Linguistic and Country Studies: The Concept of Speech-Behavioral Tactics]. Moscow: Pushkin State Russian Language Institute [in Russian].

Abstract views: 24
PDF Downloads: 19
How to Cite